Sunday, April 17, 2011



What is an adjective?

An adjective is a word that tells us more about a noun. (By "noun" we include pronouns and noun phrases.) An adjective "qualifies" or "modifies" a noun (a big dog). Adjectives can be used before a noun (I like Chinese food) or after certain verbs (It is hard). We can often use two or more adjectives together (a beautiful young French lady).

There are many types of adjective :

2)Adjective Order


Determiners are words like theanmysome. They are grammatically similar. They all come at the beginning of noun phrases, and usually we cannot use more than one determiner in the same noun phrase.

Articles : A, An or The?

When do we say "the dog" and when do we say "a dog"? (On this page we talk only about singular, countable nouns.)
The and a/an are called "articles". We divide them into "definite" and "indefinite" like this:

thea, an

We use "definite" to mean sure, certain. "Definite" is particular. We use "indefinite" to mean not sure, not certain. "Indefinite" is general. When we are talking about one thing in particular, we use the. When we are talking about one thing in general, we use a or an. Think of the sky at night. In the sky we see 1 moon and millions of stars. So normally we would say:
  • I saw the moon last night.
  • I saw a star last night.
Look at these examples:
thea, an
  • The capital of France is Paris.
  • I have found the book that I lost.
  • Have you cleaned the car?
  • There are six eggs in the fridge.
  • Please switch off the TV when you finish.
  • I was born in a town.
  • John had an omelette for lunch.
  • James Bond ordered a drink.
  • We want to buy an umbrella.
  • Have you got a pen?

Of course, often we can use the or a/an for the same word. It depends on the situation, not the word. Look at these examples:
  • We want to buy an umbrella. (Any umbrella, not a particular umbrella.)
  • Where is the umbrella? (We already have an umbrella. We are looking for our umbrella, a particular umbrella.)

Possessive Adjectives

We use possessive adjectives to show who owns or "possesses" something. The possessive adjectives are:
  • my, your, his, her, its, our, their
  • whose (interrogative)
example sentence
singular1stmale/femalemyThis is my book.
2ndmale/femaleyourI like your hair.
3rdmalehisHis name is "John".
femaleherHer name is "Mary".
neuteritsThe dog is licking its paw.
plural1stmale/femaleourWe have sold our house.
2ndmale/femaleyourYour children are lovely.
3rdmale/female/neutertheirThe students thanked theirteacher.
singular/plural1st/2nd/3rdmale/female (not neuter)whoseWhose phone did you use?


your = possessive adjective

you're = you are

its = possessive adjective

it's = it is OR it has

their = possessive adjective

they're = they are

there = adverb (I'm not going there / look over there / there is a car outside)

whose = possessive adjective

who's = who is OR who has

Other determiners:
  • each, every
  • either, neither
  • some, any, no
  • much, many; more, most
  • little, less, least
  • few, fewer, fewest
  • what, whatever; which, whichever
  • both, half, all
  • several
  • enough

Adjective Order

There are 2 basic positions for adjectives:
  1. before the noun
  2. after certain verbs (be, become, get, seem, look, feel, sound, smell, taste)
1I likebigcars.
2My carisbig.

No comments:

Next Topic

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...